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It is still a very popular breed in New Zealand. The lock should be definite and meaty, with even crimp throughout the staple and moderate luster. A slight slope at the tailhead is common, providing a sheep with freedom of movement that allows it to be an active forager. Many producers class into three distinct fleece lines. The Fleece and Fiber Sourcebook (Robson and Ekarius, 2011) describes Perendale fiber as follows: “Perendale is a bouncy wool, which will spin up with a spring to it, as opposed to the compact sleekness of other (mostly English) longwools. Developed from the Cheviot and Romney, the Perendale is a dual-purpose sheep producing a 28-32 micron wool with a 125 mm (5 in) staple length. The length of Perendale fleece (typically 5-6”) is consistent with their classification as a “longwool” breed. Developed from the Cheviot and Romney, the Perendale is a dual-purpose sheep producing wool fibres of 29 to 35 micrometres (0.0011 to 0.0014 in) diameter with a 125 millimetres (4.9 in) staple length. This fiber diameter range is intermediate between that of a typical Cheviot (27-33 microns) and a typical Romney (32-39 microns). Nonetheless, some NZ studs are still selecting for finer wool. Perendale wool's unique helical crimp gives it the loft or bulk that wool spinners and weavers seek to blend with finer wool types when producing top quality garments. © 2020 North American Perendale Association. The handle should be full and springy. Average fleece weights will vary between 4-5kg per year for adult sheep. A Perendale fleece should open cleanly, and should be consistent in type. Faces are usually clean, often with a “topknot”. In Australia, the broader type wool is sold with little or no differentiation between various breeds. Fleece. That being said, the micron count (~32-35 microns) is towards the finer end of the spectrum (31-40+ microns) for this category. Perendale wool is recognised in the industry as being springy and with low lustre averaging 10-12cm staple length. The finer micron count of a Perendale fleece (relative to most Romney fleeces) confers greater softness than is characteristic of Romney fleeces; most Perendale lamb fleeces, and even many adult ewe fleeces, are “next to the skin soft”. Map. The small shoulders and head of their Cheviot ancestors contributes to the ease of lambing of Perendales. Many of the NZ rams from which semen was imported to the US have been chosen with wool quality in mind. A Perendale fleece has a longer staple length than a typical Cheviot fleece, with a characteristic clear, even crimp different from the three-dimensional crimp of Cheviot fleeces; the crimp is also somewhat finer than that of a typical Romney fleece, consistent with the finer fiber diameter. The yarn’s slightly crisp quality should help texture patterns show up nicely in knitted or woven textiles”. The Perendale is characteristically a high fertility animal, and has great potential to produce a prime ewe lamb when crossed with the Merino. Sheep. The build and character of Perendale sheep owes a great deal to its Border Cheviot heritage as a “hill breed”. It will show low lustre (no shine) in appearance. This lofty quality can add warmth to sweaters (for the finer ranges) or cushioning qualities to rugs (for the stronger wools)…This fleece will take dyeing well, although without the shiny quality of other longwools…The fiber tends to capture air and bounce, so even full worsted spinning will give you loft in the finished yarn. The micron will vary as expected • Hoggets (young sheep) between 28 to 32 microns • Older sheep 32-38 microns The Fleece and Fiber Sourcebook (Robson and Ekarius, 2011) describes Perendale fiber as follows: “Perendale is a bouncy wool, which will spin up with a spring to it, as opposed to the compact sleekness of other (mostly English) longwools. The fleece should be free from hair and kemp. Indeed, originating as it did as a cross between Border Cheviots and Romneys, some individuals within this breed may be more “Cheviot” while others are more “Romney” in appearance. • Hoggets (young sheep) between 28 to 32 microns. As the North American Perendale Association is of the firm opinion that purebred, registered Perendales should be “production” sheep, valued for attributes such as ease of lambing, excellent mothering skills, parasite resistance, thriftiness, and meat quality, we hesitate to stipulate desirable attributes with respect to appearance that might encourage their popularity as “show sheep”. us | Back | Site It should be soft and bulky, with good density, springy and crisp but not harsh. Perendales are perfect “starter sheep”: easy lambers, excellent mothers, good parasite resistance, with feet that rarely need trimming and intelligent, sensible dispositions. The ideal fleece would be well formed with a free opening staple showing a distinct and well defined crimp. Wool Characteristics. Top of Page | Home | Contact Average fleece weights will vary between 4-5kg per year for adult sheep. Perendale wool is recognised in the industry as being springy and with low lustre averaging 10-12cm staple length. This is beneficial, as it allows excellent acceptance of light coloured dyes in manufacturing. A common characteristic is that shoulders are narrow at the top, with fairly prominent withers, and an upright carriage to the head. That being said, most Perendales are medium in size (adult ewes averaging 120-150 lb; rams 200-250 lb), with fleeces in the 9-lb range. It further notes that there are both finer and coarser ranges within the breed, and that NZ fleeces are moving toward the coarser end of things. Selling Perendale wool for its unique attributes outside the auction system (as they do in NZ) with the emphasis on the hogget wool being processed into woollen yarn sold to the knitwear and weaving industry. The Perendale is characteristically a high fertility animal, and has great potential to produce a prime lamb dam when crossed with the Merino. They are a dual-purpose breed, providing both meat and abundant high-quality wool that appeals to handspinners. Perendale wool is highly regarded in the carpet industry and has fitted out the interior of many aircraft.

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