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The black locust is commonly referred to as "false acacia" after its species name "pseudoacacia". [10] The genus as recognized in 1986 contained 1352 species. [32] [7], In 2003, Anthony Orchard and Bruce Maslin filed a proposal to conserve the name Acacia with a different type in order to retain the Australasian group of species in the genus Acacia. Acacia is mentioned in an ancient Egyptian proverb referred to by Amenhotep II, "If you lack a gold battle-axe inlaid with bronze, a heavy club of acacia wood will do?". Acacia, commonly known as the wattles or acacias, is a large genus of shrubs and trees in the subfamily Mimosoideae of the pea family Fabaceae. The Acacia family name was found in the USA in 1920. Pliocene fossil pollen of an Acacia sp. lophantha. [35], Some species of acacia contain psychoactive alkaloids, and some contain potassium fluoroacetate, a rodent poison. Although it is not particularly closely related to the acacia which belongs to a subfamily of the mimosa family (Mimosoideae), both species are similar in the form of their feathered leaves and thorns but the flower shapes are very different. [21] From around 700 A.D. watul was used in Old English to refer to the interwoven branches and sticks which formed fences, walls and roofs. [26], Several of its species bear vertically oriented phyllodes, which are green, broadened leaf petioles that function like leaf blades,[27] an adaptation to hot climates and droughts. A confusion between species of both genera is almost impossible in … P.S. [15][16] At the 2011 International Botanical Congress held in Melbourne, the decision to use the name Acacia, rather than the proposed Racosperma for this genus, was upheld. [28] In addition to utilizing the edible seed and gum, the people employed the timber for implements, weapons, fuel and musical instruments. Between 1967 and 2002, in the United States, Acacia life expectancy was at its lowest point in 1975, and highest in 1978. taxa continue to be called Acacia by those who choose to consider the entire group as one genus. In the early 2000s it had become evident that the genus as it stood was not monophyletic and that several divergent lineages needed to be placed in separate genera. Commonly known as Wattle, Acacia is the largest genus of vascular plants in Australia. Passenger lists are your ticket to knowing when your ancestors arrived in Canada, and how they made the journey - from the ship name to ports of arrival and departure. It comprises a group of plant genera native to Africa and Australasia. The genus Acacia belongs to the family Mimosaceae. A number of species have been introduced to various parts of the world, and two million hectares of commercial plantations have been established. The 1889 publication 'Useful native plants of Australia' describes various uses for eating. Distribution of Legumes in the Tertiary of Hungary by L. Hably, Advances in Legume Systematics: Part 4, The Fossil Record, Ed. Simply start with a family member and we'll do the searching for you. Acacia remains a widely used common name across genera . Seed pod fossils of †Acacia parschlugiana and †Acacia cyclosperma are known from Tertiary deposits in Switzerland,. [citation needed], An Acacia-like 14 cm long fossil seed pod has been described from the Eocene of the Paris Basin. Census records can tell you a lot of little known facts about your Acacia ancestors, such as occupation. Herendeen & Dilcher, 1992, The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Leguminosae species from the territory of, Erik Hornung 'The Pharaoh' in Sergio Donadoni, The Egyptians, The University of Chicago Press, 1997. p. 291, "Phylogenetic position and revised classification of, "Domestication and use of Australian acacias: case studies of five important species", "The controversy over the retypification of, "Unforgettable Acacias, A Large Genus Of Trees & Shrubs", "Fluoroacetate in plants - a review of its distribution, toxicity to livestock and microbial detoxification", WATTLE Acacias of Australia Lucid Web Player (multi-access key for identifying Australian Acacias), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Acacia&oldid=990229709, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2011, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 23 November 2020, at 15:10.

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