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In a heap with n elements with the smallest element at the root, the seventh smallest element can be found in time -Abhishek Kumar (09/16/18) Binary search is used to reduce the number of comparisons in Insertion sort. We can modify unstable sorting algorithms to be stable. A - Selection Sort B - Bubble Sort C - Merge Sort D - Insertion Sort Q 11 - If queue is implemented using arrays, what would be the worst run time complexity of queue and dequeue operations? Discussion; RE: MCQs on Sorting with answers -Aarav Pant (08/14/20) Thank for the mcqs with answers. Insertion sort is an online stable in-place sorting algorithm that builds the final sorted list one item at a time. Just like conventional insertion sort, but the search for the insertion point is done via binary search, reducing the worst-case running time for pivot search from \\$\Theta(n)\\$ to \\$\Theta(\log n)\\$. A - quick sort B - selection sort C - insertion sort D - bubble sort Q 10 - Which of the below mentioned sorting algorithms are not stable? It works on the principle of moving a element to its correct position in a sorted array. Efficient for (quite) small data sets. Code. Advantages of Insertion Sort: Stable: it does not change the relative order of elements with equal keys Several common sorting algorithms are stable by nature, such as Merge Sort, Timsort, Counting Sort, Insertion Sort, and Bubble Sort. There are two types of sort algorithm: those that are stable and those that are not. ⇒ A sort which iteratively passes through a list to exchange the first element with any element less than it and then repeats with a new first element is called heap sort quick sort selection sort insertion sort ⇒ A list integers is read in, one at a time, and a binary search tree is constructed. Insertion sort provides several advantages: Simple implementation. For instance, we can use extra space to maintain stability in Quicksort. Stable sorts maintain the order of items that are deemed equal, whereas unstable sorts make no such guarantees. Others such as Quicksort, Heapsort and Selection Sort are unstable. com.github.coderodde.util.BinaryInsertionSort.java: Conclusion Binary Insertion Sort - Take this array => {4, 5 , 3 , 2, 1} Now inside the main loop , imagine we are at the 3rd element. 5. Using binary search, it is reduced to O(log i). before 4. Now using Binary Search we will know where to insert 3 i.e. Binary Insertion Sort use binary search to find the proper location to insert the selected item at each iteration. This modification is known as Binary Insertion Sort. Adaptive, i.e. Binary Search uses O(Logn) comparison which is an improvement but we still need to insert 3 in the right place. Binary insertion sort. In insertion sort, it takes O(i) (at ith iteration) in worst case.