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This ensures that every drawing produced within Ireland and the UK relating to a building project will follow the same standard principles. Orthographic projection is generally not used in the construction industry.  It is more commonly found in the engineering sector where precise measurement is essential. A summary of the key points. As already stated, the scale of the drawing will be indicated in the block.  To take measurements from such a drawing a ‘Scale Rule’ is used.  Scale rules are usually manufactured from plastic and have several scales indicated on the ends as shown below. They should be legible and clear – especially numbers, as they often have to be read on their own. If you continue to use this website without disabling cookies, we will assume you are happy to receive them. Architecture considered somewhere between 'sublime and beautiful'. On many projects, each major trade will have separate trade drawings, e.g. The main purpose of construction drawings is to provide a graphic representation of what is to be built. Draining valve (BS 1192) For more information, see Document control. All drawings require some form of lettering and numbers.  The principles to remember are: One of the most important features of any drawing is the border and title block.  The border (or margin) is a line which follows the outer edge of the drawing and is usually 10 or 20mm inside it.  This margin is very important because everything inside it forms part of any contract. When tendering or pricing a job the specified standards must be followed.  This ensures that no one can use sub-standard materials to keep a price low. Pipes below floor or underground                 _  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  _ They should be of a suitable size and not less than 3mm tall.  Title blocks and relative information are usually larger. In United States copyright law, fair use is a doctrine that permits limited use of copyrighted material without acquiring permission from the rights holders. Site Plans: Between 1:500 and 1:2500 – Although often drawn at the same scale as the block plan site plans only give details relevant to the actual project.  These details could relate to landscaping arrangements or show underground drainage pipe-work. In the construction industry, the term 'standards' typically refers to published documents that are intended to define the common specifications, methods and procedures that are to be used. Sustainable flooring from super strong grass. Pipes at low level                                           _________________________________ The main standard for technical drawing is BS 8888 – You can find out more here: BS 8888:2008 Technical product specification. Drawings plays an important role in the construction field to convey the ideologies and perspective of the designer to the […] (source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fair_use). They should be correctly spaced and positioned.  Notes and captions should be placed so that they can be read in the same direction as in the title block.  In other worlds it should not be necessary to turn a drawing on its side to read the information. Fairer, faster, greener. Dynamic architectural approach sets out to restore and improve the environment. Organisation alerts membership to findings of IHBC research. The subject – i.e. Construction drawings provide the graphical representation, indicating the arrangement of components, detailing, dimensions and so on. Block Plans 1:2500 – These show the outlines of buildings and may also indicate roads, railway lines or rivers. Specifications will detail the materials, standards, techniques, and so on required to carry out the works. Construction drawings should be concise and coordinated to avoid, wherever possible, ambiguity and confusion. 2.5 not 2.50 A – Standard Designs Transmission Typical Details for Optical Ground Wire Splice Structures 110. The different materials that pipes and equipment are to be manufactured from. When details of boiler houses or plant rooms are given the scale may increase to 1:50.  This enables greater detail to be shown. For more information, see Document control. Construction drawings should be concise and coordinated to avoid, wherever possible, ambiguity and confusion. Standards and Conventions . These drawings provides layout plans and details for construction of each and every part of the building. Fair use is a limitation and exception to the exclusive right granted by copyright law to the author of a creative work. In isometric projection all the horizontal lines are drawn at 30° to the horizontal plane while vertical lines are drawn vertical. (Expansion relief valve), Combined check and anti-vacuum valve  (check valve and vacuum breaker), Cold water storage cistern The conventions relating to dimensions are as follows: Give metric dimensions to the least number of significant figures, for example; Open PDF file, 118.4 KB, for 2012 Construction Standard Details: Drawing History Index (PDF 118.4 KB) Open PDF file, 13.87 MB, for 2010 Construction Standard Details (English Edition) (PDF 13.87 MB) Open PDF file, 5.59 MB, for 2003 Metric/English Supplemental Drawings … The texts are the property of their respective authors and we thank them for giving us the opportunity to share for free to students, teachers and users of the Web their texts will used only for illustrative educational and scientific purposes only. Organisation presents reactions from industry leaders. (Feed Cistern), Hot water storage cylinder or tank (plan), Hot water storage cylinder or hot store vessel (Direct types) General Location Drawings 1:200 or 1:100 – These drawings can show pipe runs within the building and the location of radiators and sanitary fixtures. Strategies to help provide safer working conditions. Notes should be grouped together and not spread over the drawing. Examples of fair use include commentary, search engines, criticism, news reporting, research, teaching, library archiving and scholarship. The ‘Title Block’ is locked within the boarder and contains information such as: Title Blocks are usually located along the bottom or sides of drawings as shown below: A scale can be used to increase the detail of a small object or to accurately represent a large object on a smaller piece of paper.  The majority of scaled work done in the construction industry is to reduce objects to a smaller more suitable size that will fit on a sheet of paper. The standard and type of sanitary fixtures. The symbols on the following pages are from the British Standards Institution and are used extensively in drawings relating to mechanical services. If there is disparity between the two, the specifications will tend to take precedence over the drawings. Get the Firefox add-on to access 20,000 definitions direct from any website, Share your construction industry knowledge, https://www.designingbuildings.co.uk/wiki/Construction_drawing. This is shown by an arrow situated close to the colour code.  In the case of central heating pipe-work the word FLOW or the letter F may be shown on one pipe and RETURN or R on the other. New infrastructure bank to be based in the North of England. Pipes at high level                                          ___    ___    ___    ___    ___    ___    ___ Construction drawings may be prepared by hand, but it is more common for them to be prepared using computer aided design (CAD) (or computer aided drafting) software. The elevation is what is seen when looking from the front. Polish piano factory revived through an energy-oriented tune up. Protecting flora, fauna and the other natural features of Scotland. Hot and Cold Water Services. Dimensions less than 1 are expressed with a zero preceding the decimal point; Guidelines for the production of drawing files. Continuing navigation without changing your browser settings, you agree to receive all the cookies of the website www.summaryplanet.com. Delays and misunderstandings can be minimised by properly coordinating the drawings. The plan is an outline of the object when viewed from above. We use cookies to ensure we give you the best experience on our website. 3 not 3.0 41 6138 Rev. They may sometimes contain some of the information set out in specifications, but this should be avoided if possible, by referring to specifications rather than duplicating information. (Storage and feed cistern) A complete set of construction drawings tends to comprise floor plans, elevations, sections and detail drawings, that together provide a complete representation of the building.

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