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Community is another fundamental concept used in sociology. Most people manage to get through their whole lives without getting on the ‘wrong side’ of the formal agents of social control (the police, the courts and prison), so it should be no surprise hat many of the perspectives emphasize the role that the community plays in preventing crime and controlling crime. The importance of rural sociology can be evaluated properly when it realize the importance of rural society. He has presented ideal-typical pictures of the forms of social associations contrasting the solidarity nature of the social relations in the community with the large scale and impersonal relations thought to characterize industrializing societies. 4. Community . Murdoch University’s community development experts often work with specific groups including the aged, people with disabilities, young people, children and families, migrants, indigenous people, the unemployed and homeless. It also refers to a village, a town or a tribal community. The reasons are: 1. Rural sociology provides us knowledge about the study of rural problems and their solutions. During pre-historic era man was leading a nomadic or barbarian life and was wandering here and there for food and could not settle up anywhere. At the minimum it refers to a collection of people in a geographical area. The term community is one of the most elusive and vague in sociology and is by now largely without specific meaning. Every community has a motive for its actions and behaviors, even if those behaviors are damaging to others. But sociologists differ among themselves in their approach to the meaning of community. Community development programme plays a very important role in rural reconstruction. 2. Because human civilization grows and develop in the lap of community. The reasons likely make a lot of sense to the community itself, even if those outside it don’t understand. Gradually community life expands with the creation of different socio-economic, cultural and political relations among the people of a particular area. Not just action, but actions based on shared expectations, values, beliefs and meanings between individuals. Social life In India is mostly the rural life. The human civilization itself reared up in community. Kingsley Davis defined it as the smallest territorial group that can embrace all aspects of social life. The importance of rural sociology can … UN Summit on Non- UN Report on Domestic Violence, HIV/AIDS and Mobility in South Asia- UNDP Report 2010, India's Development Report Card vis-a-vis MDG, Sociological Perspectives on Health and Illness, Scientific Method in Sociological Research, Theories of the development of Communities. Community sociology can be applied by helping people communicate with each other and live more peacefully. We can list out the characteristics of a community as follows: Talcott Parsons defined community as collectivity the members of which share a common territorial area as their base of operation for daily activities. Prohibited Content 3. Community Development and Sociology experts. He likes to interact with fellow beings to share ideas and thoughts. But the origin and growth of community goes back to the origin of human civilization. At the minimum it refers to a collection of people in a geographical area. This lead to the emergence of different social, political, economic and cultural institutions. But to understand the meaning of the term community we must have to give a look towards the definitions given by sociologists. It tells us why man is a social animal, why he lives in groups, communities and societies. When a group of people or families lived together in a particular area which led them to share each other’s joys and sorrows, as a result a pattern of common living is created which marked the origin of community life. Rural society is the store house of ancient cultural heritage. About 80% of Indian population lives in villages. Bogardus, “Community is a social group with some degree of’we-feeling’ and living in a given area.”. It is a set of interactions, human behaviours that have meaning and expectations between its members. It examines the relationship between individual … Every community has a motive for its actions and behaviors, even if those behaviors are damaging to others. Here the meaning of the term community differs from the one which is used in sociology. Lundberg, “Community is a human population living within a limited geographic area and carrying on a common inter-dependent life”. Sociology is basically defined as a study of individuals in relation to their society. (2) According to Kingsley Davis, “Community is the smallest territorial group that can embrace all aspects of social life”. Villages are important because they are the springs to feed urban areas. Urban sociology is the sociological study of life and human interaction in metropolitan areas.It is a normative discipline of sociology seeking to study the structures, environmental processes, changes and problems of an urban area and by doing so provide inputs for urban planning and policy making. (1) According to Maclver, “Community is an area of social living marked by some degree of social coherence”. Rural society presents a scientific picture of rural life. According to Tonnies community is defined as an organic natural kind of social group whose members are bound together by the sense of belonging, created out of everyday contacts covering the whole range of human activities. Sociology throws more light on the social nature of man. Sociology is important because it helps in solving social and international problems, gives better perspective into crime, helps in the study of institutional roles and in the understanding and planning of society. He always lives with his fellows in a group. The importance of rural sociology is increasing day by day. Thus, community refers to a group either small or large whose members live together in such a way that they share a common life and have developed a strong sense of community sentiment or consciousness among them which distinguishes them from others. He likes to interact with fellow beings to share ideas and thoughts. Content Filtrations 6. (5) According to E.S. (2) A sense of belonging or community spirit. Thus sociology is important in community development as it allows an individual to create a all round development model which is suitable for the community. Controlling and Reducing Crime – The Role of the Community. Combined with the tragic examples of feral children, their experiments remind us of the critical importance of socialization and social interaction for human society. Three other elements may also be present in any usage. Community is the original and first abode of human civilization. But in common discourses the term community very often wrongly used such as racial community, caste community, religious community etc. TOS 7. The reasons likely make a lot of sense to the community itself, even if those outside it don’t understand. 3. He always lives with his fellows in a group. Three other elements may also be present in any usage. Living in community is a very important part of life as man is a social animal. As a result a full- fledged community was created. It is also obvious and natural that people residing in a definite area develop likeness, co-operation and fellow-feeling among themselves. Community is another fundamental concept used in sociology. Community plays an important role in shaping up the personality of the individual. Image Guidelines 5. Society is a complex … It is a well known fact that an individual rarely exists alone. It also benefits in many ways. But when his mental horizon increased he learns the skill to collect food and other needs from a particular place mainly on river banks or fertile areas and permanently settled there. Here is your essay on Community (737 Words)! 2. This fact of common social living within a limited or definite geographical area gives birth to community.

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