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Toxic sodium oxide fumes can be generated at high temperatures. Low-temperature heat capacities and heats of fusion of the α and β crystalline forms of sodium hydroxide tetrahydrate". from the permeation behavior of the individual chemicals. (NFPA Pub. relative humidity per military standard MIL-STD-282. ", "Examples of Common Laboratory Chemicals and their Hazard Class", Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry, "Sodium Hydroxide Storage Tanks & Specifications", "Exothermic vs. Endothermic: Chemistry's Give and Take", Solid-Liquid Equilibrium (SLE) and Vapour-Liquid Equilibrium (VLE) of Aqueous NaOH, "Trafigura case: toxic slop left behind by caustic washing", "A Guide to Caustic Chemicals Used in Soap Making | Brenntag", "Sodium Hydroxide | Uses, Benefits, and Chemical Safety Facts", Clean green finish that sends a loved one down the drain, "Sodium:Getting rid of dirt – and murder victims", "ATSDR – Medical Management Guidelines (MMGs): Sodium Hydroxide", "Side by Side Comparison: Potassium Hydroxide and Sodium Hydroxide - Similarities, Differences and Use Cases", "Olives: Safe Methods for Home Pickling (application/pdf Object)", "Drinking Water Treatment – pH Adjustment", "Drinking Water Issues Corrosive Water (Lead, Copper, Aluminum, Zinc and More)", "Empa – 604 – Communication – NaOH-heat-storage", "aluminium_water_hydrogen.pdf (application/pdf Object)", History of Science and Technology in Islam: Description of Soap Making, CDC – Sodium Hydroxide – NIOSH Workplace Safety and Health Topic, Titration of acids with sodium hydroxide; freeware for data analysis, simulation of curves and pH calculation, Caustic soda production in continuous causticising plant by lime soda process, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Sodium_hydroxide&oldid=990572000, Short description is different from Wikidata, Pages using collapsible list with both background and text-align in titlestyle, Articles containing unverified chemical infoboxes, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2010, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, It is used for making soaps and detergents. The level of harm depends upon the dose, duration, and work being done. The English chemist and archaeologist Henry Ernest Stapleton (1878–1962) presented evidence that the Persian alchemist and physician, Stapleton, H. E. and Azo, R. F. (1905) "Alchemical equipment in the eleventh century, A.D.,", O'Brien, Thomas F.; Bommaraju, Tilak V. and Hine, Fumio (2005), dissolving amphoteric metals and compounds, process for mass-producing sodium carbonate, "Sortierte Liste: pKb-Werte, nach Ordnungszahl sortiert. for a particular use and assume no liability in connection with any use of This page was last edited on 25 November 2020, at 07:30. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. ... in connection with this information. Heat capacities to low temperatures. equipment needed. Sodium hydroxide is also the chemical that causes gelling of egg whites in the production of. Chem. This section provides a listing of alternate names for this chemical, Use caution: Liquids with this reactive group classification have been Get medical attention immediately. Like other corrosive acids and alkalis, drops of sodium hydroxide solutions can readily decompose proteins and lipids in living tissues via amide hydrolysis and ester hydrolysis, which consequently cause chemical burns and may induce permanent blindness upon contact with eyes. INGESTION: severe damage to mucous membranes; severe scar formation or perforation may occur. Data 1966]. 3 Effective date : 01.06.2015 Page 2 of 7 Sodium Hydroxide,10.0N Created by Global Safety Management, Inc. -Tel: 1-813-435-5161 - www.gsmsds.com 1.1. additional knowledge and experience are gained. Due to its strong corrosive qualities, exposure to sodium hydroxide in its solid or solution form can cause skin and eye irritation, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry.Workers in facilities where sodium hydroxide is manufactured or used should follow product safety instructions. Please contact DuPont for specific data. Due to its strong corrosive qualities, exposure to sodium hydroxide in its solid or solution form can cause skin and eye irritation, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry.Workers in facilities where sodium hydroxide is manufactured or used should follow product safety instructions. Fire- Fighting Measures Extinguishing Media: Dry chemical, carbon dioxide, alcohol foam, water. FLASH POINT: Not flammable METHOD USED: NA . Soc. Sodium oxide. listed below. Sodium hydroxide is very corrosive. Containers may explode when heated. Decomposition by reaction with certain metals releases flammable and explosive hydrogen gas. Fire Hazards (Chemical): Not flammable. seams and closures have shorter breakthrough times and higher permeation Skin: Wear appropriate personal protective clothing to prevent skin contact. Contact lenses should not be worn when working with this chemical. attached gloves, visors, etc. Sodium hydroxide is a highly caustic base and alkali that decomposes proteins at ordinary ambient temperatures and may cause severe chemical burns. known to react with the Hazardous Polymerization: Will not occur. 58 / Monday, March 26, 2012 / Rules and Regulations Date of issue: 07/06/1998 Revision date: 02/21/2018 Supersedes: 10/14/2013 Version: 1.1 Sodium hydroxide is used in the manufacturing of soaps, cotton, rayon, petroleum, natural gas, and vegetable refining. Lye-water is an essential ingredient in the crust of the traditional baked Chinese moon cakes. testing laboratories using ASTM F739, EN369, EN 374-3, EN ISO 6529 including trade names and synonyms. It can cause irritation to the eyes, skin, and mucous membrane; an allergic reaction; eye and skin burns; and temporary loss of hair. Sodium Hydroxidecan form shock sensitive salts on contact with NITROGEN CONTAINING COMPOUNDS (such as NITROMETHANE). National Ocean Service, It is used as drain cleaners that contain sodium hydroxide convert fats and grease that can clog pipes into soap, which dissolves in water. chemicals, such as strong acids, and should not be worn when Normalized breakthrough times including, without limitation, no warranties of merchantability or fitness and risk. under or a recommendation to infringe any patent or technical information Spencer Umfreville Pickering (1893): "LXI.—The hydrates of sodium, potassium, and lithium hydroxides". Readily absorbs moisture from the air to give caustic semi-solids that attack aluminum and zinc with the evolution of flammable hydrogen gas. Caustic soda, Lye [Sodium hydroxide], Soda lye, Sodium hydrate Colorless to white, odorless solid (flakes, beads, granular form). Catalyzes the polymerization of acetaldehyde and other polymerizable compounds; these reactions can occur violently, for example, acrolein polymerizes with extreme violence when put in contact with alkaline materials such as sodium hydroxide [Chem. The fabric permeation data was generated for DuPont by independent Thus, protective equipment, like rubber gloves, safety clothing and eye protection, should always be used when handling this chemical or its solutions. It is the user's responsibility to are outside our control, we make no warranties, express or implied, Incompatible Materials Acids, Organic materials, Metals, Hazardous Decomposition ProductsSodium oxides Hazardous Polymerization Hazardous polymerization does not occur. Some methods of preparing olives involve subjecting them to a lye-based brine. If fabric It is a white solid ionic compound consisting of sodium cations Na+ and hydroxide anions OH−. Since conditions of use It is used for making artificial textile fibres (such as. The standard first aid measures for alkali spills on the skin is, as for other corrosives, irrigation with large quantities of water. Workers may be harmed from exposure to sodium hydroxide. Will not burn under typical fire conditions.

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