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The enigmatic sculpture hides above an escalator in a Milan metro station. Although the cathedral was not hit during this raid, Harris's decision to centre the raid on a major religious building drew criticism from his superior, Charles Portal and some members of parliament. On the night of 10/11 July 1944, 84 MAAF Wellingtons bombed the Lambrate railway station once again, but this time the damage was not heavy (and one of the planes was lost); three nights later, 89 Wellingtons attacked the same target, but two were hit by AA fire and the marshalling yard suffered limited damage. After Bomber Command adopted area bombing as it main tactic, under the command of Sir Arthur Harris, and after a series of bombings on Germany during the spring and summer of 1942, in autumn 1942 an area bombing campaign was launched against the three cities of Italy's "industrial triangle", Milan, Turin, and Genoa. © 2020 Atlas Obscura. [6] Overall, about one third of the buildings were destroyed or had to be subsequently demolished; the ruins were used to create the artificiali hill known as Monte Stella. [1][2] 441 buildings were hit, including the San Vittore jail, the headquarters of the Hoepli, two train stations and the Cimitero Monumentale. Secret North Korean passage discovered below the world's most dangerous border. [1][2] No planes were shot down in either instance. Peter - WW2 Site Helper ... Milan was only a few miles away, but it might have been a thousand. Offer available only in the U.S. (including Puerto Rico). The first bombing of 1944 took place in the night between 28 and 29 March, when 78 Vickers Wellington of the RAF MAAF bombers attacked the Milano Lambrate railway station. On the following night, 186 Lancasters (13 more bombers did not reach the target; 7 were lost, mainly to Luftwaffe fighters on the way back) carried out a final raid, during which they dropped an additional 601 tons of bombs. Dug as a secret royal escape route, the tunnel became a wartime bomb shelter and dumping ground for vintage cars. The participation of Italy in the Second World War was characterized by a complex framework of ideology, politics, and diplomacy, while its military actions were often heavily influenced by external factors. [1][2], Bombings were renewed during August 1940. [2] [1][2] On the morning of 29 March, a further 139 bombers of the USAAF Fifteenth Air Force attacked the same target, destroying 500 more wagons, five locomotives and over 5 km of rails; 59 people were killed. We depend on ad revenue to craft and curate stories about the world’s hidden wonders. It provides detailed directions, descriptions, and the . As the main economic and industrial center in Italy, and the country's second largest city, Milan was subjected to heavy bombing during World War II, being the most bombed city in Northern Italy and one of the most bombed cities in the country. Diocletian divided the Roman Empire, choosing the eastern half for himself, making Milan the seat of the western half of the empire, from which Maximian ruled, in the late 3rd and early 4th century AD. The bombing caused massive fires in many parts of Milan; the fires drew air from the surrounding countryside, creating winds that reached a speed of 50 km/h, an event that usually heralded a firestorm, which however did not materialize (owing to the humid climate, in addition to the previously mentioned urbanistic traits typical of Italian cities, and the fact that the raid was heavy but not very concentrated). While Turin and Genoa suffered seven and six raids, respectively, Milan was in this phase the least targeted city. [2] Categories. No more raids were carried out during the rest of 1943, and life in the city was slowly resumed. [1], Although a reliable and complete count has never been made, it has been estimated that at least 2,200 people were killed in the bombings of Milan; the second heaviest death toll in Northern Italy (Bologna suffered 2,481 casualties). On the night of 7/8 August 1943, 197 bombers took off from bases in England to carry out a simultaneous bombing of Milan, Turin, and Genoa. The discovery has allowed researchers to expand their understanding of World War II and open up a time capsule of life underground during the night raids on Milan. [1][2], On the night of 12/13 August, Bomber Command launched its heaviest raid on Milan and any Italian city. On the night of 13/14 August, three bombers dropped bombs and propaganda leaflets; the target was again the Caproni plant which however was not hit, while several buildings along a few streets were, with 15 killed and 44 wounded. Still don't have any precise travel plans, but i am into WW2 era history and i would like to see some of it in Italy. [1][2], At this point, Bomber Command halted its attacks, as it was thought that the "persuasive" effect had been achieved, and further bombings could have instead fueled anti-British sentiment. [1][2] [1][2] Several districts suffered further damage; the cathedral was hit again, and the La Scala theatre and the Ospedale Maggiore were heavily damaged; the La Rinascente store was destroyed. Public transport inside the city was completely disrupted. The train platform where Jews were sent to concentration camps is now preserved as a Holocaust memorial. Add as marker Show places nearby. Written by Barbara Radcliffe Rogers Nov 17, 2020. During the first years of war (until 1943/1944), Milan could only be reached by bombers of the RAF Bomber Command coming from England. Here are 10 historically significant WWII sites to see in Germany: 1. To extinguish the many fires, it was necessary to call firefighters from all neighbouring provinces and even from Bologna. Milan was not bombed for several months thereafter, but in spring 1944, with the progress of the Italian Campaign, a new bombing campaign was started, this time by USAAF (by day) and RAF MAAF (by night). On the night of 26 August, eleven bombers bombed the Idroscalo. The bombings mainly targeted the city's marshalling yards and factories, but inaccuracy in bombing often caused severe damage to residential areas and civilian casualties. [5], At the end of the war, Milan had suffered heavy damage from the air raids; out of 930,000 rooms that existed before the war, 360,000 were destroyed or heavily damaged, and over 200,000 suffered lighter damage. Layer by Layer: A Mexico City Culinary Adventure, Critters in the Cold: Spying on Winter Wildlife With Kristi Collom, The Science of Remembering: Building Memory Palaces With Joshua Foer, Underwater Happy Hour w/ The New York Aquarium, Celebrate the Farm Workers Behind Your Favorite Thanksgiving Sides, Zooming in on the Microbiome of Some da Vinci Masterpieces, A Massive Collection of Dead Insects Lives Inside Filing Cabinets in a Canadian Office, A Tale of Survival, Wrapped in a 19th-Century Reindeer-Skin Sleeping Bag, In Rwanda, Learning Whether a ‘Smart Park’ Can Help Both Wildlife and Tourism, How a Blacksmith in Jordan Created His Own Sign Language, In Naples, Praying With Skulls Is an Ancient Tradition, Inside a Domed Pyramid With Astounding Acoustics and a History of Miracles, See the Mysterious Horned Helmet of Henry VIII, Searching for Home and Connection Through Typewritten Poetry, Rome Behind Locked Doors: Music, Magic, and Secret Crypts. Join us as we go beneath Rome’s streets and behind its locked doors to explore hidden and overlooked places, witnessing a capital city that most tourists rarely experience—strange, magical, and filled with intrigue. Some of the passages sit right below public schools and other modern buildings, where the existence of the air-raid shelters has remained a mystery for decades. The only RAF loss was one Lancaster shot down. [1][2] Residential areas were also badly damaged, with 203 houses destroyed, 596 heavily damaged and over 3,000 slightly damaged; the headquarters of Corriere della Sera suffered heavy damage. This book is on Amazon and described in detail at travelguidepress.com. [1][2] 171 people were killed and about 300 wounded. Countless minor air attacks, mainly strafing and bombing actions by fighter-bombers and light bombers, took place throughout the autumn of 1944, the subsequent winter and the spring of 1945; trains, vehicles, modes of transport and more generally targets of opportunity were attacked.

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