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Philippine eagles are found in the Philippines and occur on four major islands: eastern Luzon, Samar, Leyte, and Mindanao. [33], The complete breeding cycle of the Philippine eagle lasts two years. The Philippine eagle is also the animal used in the Philippines men's national basketball team or Gilas Pilipinas' logo/team crest. [3][30] The eagle frequently reuses the same nesting site for several different chicks. [8][28], This eagle is found in dipterocarp and midmontane forests, particularly in steep areas. In 1992, the first Philippine eagles were hatched in captivity through artificial insemination; however, the first naturally bred eaglet was not hatched until 1999. They inhabit moist and montane forests, particularly in steep and rugged areas. Old-growth forest is being lost at a high rate, and most of the forest in the lowlands is owned by logging companies. For example, the tree squirrel-sized Philippine flying lemurs, the preferred prey in Mindanao, are absent in Luzon. The Philippine eagle (Pithecophaga jefferyi), also known as the monkey-eating eagle or great Philippine eagle, is an endangered species of eagle of the family Accipitridae which is endemic to forests in the Philippines. A series of floods and mud slides, caused by deforestation, further devastated the remaining population. Its elevation ranges from the lowlands to mountains of over 1,800 m (5,900 ft). During the breeding season that takes play in July, Philippine eagles perform courtship displays. Mining, pollution, exposure to pesticides that affect breeding, and poaching are also major threats. It can be found in Northern Sierra Madre National Park on Luzon and Mount Apo, Mount Malindang, and Mount Kitanglad National Parks on Mindanao. [3][35] Even nests have no predators other than humans, as even known nest predators such as palm civets and macaques (being prey species) are likely to actively avoid any area with regular eagle activity. Females can be 10% larger than males. [31], Both sexes help feed the newly hatched eaglet. The Philippine eagle or monkey-eating eagle is considered one of the rarest and most powerful birds in the world. The largest numbers of eagles reside on Mindanao, with between 82 and 233 breeding pairs. [30], Juveniles in play behavior have been observed gripping knotholes in trees with their talons, and using their tails and wings for balance, inserting their heads into tree cavities. [3] For adult Philippine eagles, the complete weight range has been reported as 4.7 to 8.0 kg (10.4 to 17.6 lb),[3][22][23] while others have found the average was somewhat lower than the above range would indicate, at 4.5 kg (9.9 lb) for males and 6.0 kg (13.2 lb) for females. Philippine eagles are monogamous and once paired, a couple remains together for the rest of their lives. Philippine Eagle, 220 cm (86.6 inches) The Philippine eagle is the largest and heaviest known eagle. [2] The tail is fairly long at 42–45.3 cm (16.5–17.8 in),[3] while another source lists a tail length of 50 cm (20 in). Its nape is adorned with long, brown feathers that form a shaggy, manelike crest. ", 10.2305/IUCN.UK.2015-4.RLTS.T22696012A79348671.en, "Rare Philippine eagle chick born in captivity", http://www.edgeofexistence.org/species/philippine-eagle/, "Focusing on the Philippine Eagle for the conservation of nature", "Philippine Eagle: Lost in Vanishing Forests", "2 Philippine eagles spotted in Leyte forest", "2 Philippine Eagles arrive in Singapore", "PH eagles fly to Singapore for protection, conservation", "DENR, Singapore partner formally seal PHL Eagle conservation deal", "Specimens of the Philippine Monkey-Eating Eagle (, Animal Diversity Web – Pithecophaga jefferyi, National Geographic Magazine – "The Lord of the Forest", Video of Philippine eagle hunting flying lemurs, Maka-Diyos, Maka-tao, Makakalikasan at Makabansa, Martyrs and Heroes during the Martial Law Period, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Philippine_eagle&oldid=991002935, IUCN Red List critically endangered species, Taxa named by William Robert Ogilvie-Grant, Articles with dead external links from March 2018, Articles with permanently dead external links, Short description is different from Wikidata, All Wikipedia articles written in Philippine English, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 27 November 2020, at 19:13. [48][49] This eagle, because of its size and rarity, is also a highly desired bird for birdwatchers.[30]. [30] While the eagles generally seem to prefer flying lemurs where available, most other animals found in the Philippines, short of adult ungulates and humans, may be taken as prey. [19] Based on the latter measurements, this makes it the longest extant species of eagle, as the average for the female equals the maximum reported for the harpy eagle[18] and Steller's sea eagle. It is a relatively unknown bird mostly because of its exotic origin and the small wild population. Though this is no longer a major problem, the eagle's numbers were also reduced by being captured for zoos. [20][21], The level of sexual dimorphism in size is not certain, but the male is believed to be typically about 10% smaller than the female,[3] and this is supported by the average length provided for males and females in one source. The eagle's eyes are blue-gray. It is considered the largest of the extant eagles in the world in terms of length and wing surface. The heavy legs are yellow, with large, powerful, dark claws, and the prominent, large, high-arched, deep beak is a bluish-gray. [31] Another captive Philippine eagle lived for 46 years at the Philippine Eagle Center in Davao City. [43][38], Ongoing research on behavior, ecology, and population dynamics is also underway. As a representative of the World Wildlife Fund, Lindbergh traveled to the Philippines several times between 1969 and 1972, where he helped persuade the government to protect the eagle. It is considered the largest of the extant eagles in the world in terms of length and wing surface, with Steller's sea eagle and the harpy eagle being larger in terms of weight and bulk. Philippine eagles are generally solitary and spend time singly on in breeding pairs. This eagle, because of its size and rarity, is also a highly desired bird for birdwatchers. The Philippine Eagle Foundation in Davao City, is one organization dedicated to the protection and conservation of the Philippine eagle and its forest habitat. Juveniles are similar to adults except their upperpart feathers have pale fringes. Philippine eagles are carnivores. Its diet varies depending on the availability of prey on different islands. [8][30] As in many other large raptors, the eagle's nest resembles a huge platform made of sticks. The heavy legs are yellow, with large, powerful, dark claws, and the prominent, large, high-arched, deep beak is a bluish-gray. Eagles in Mindanao often find success using the latter method while hunting flying lemurs, since they are nocturnal animals which try to use camouflage to protect them by day. One is still-hunting, in which they watch for prey activity while sitting almost motionlessly on a branch near the canopy. [45] The move marked the initiation of the government's Philippine Eagle Diplomacy program. The earliest courtship has been reported in July. [40][41][42] Charles Lindbergh, best known for crossing the Atlantic alone and without stopping in 1927, was fascinated by this eagle. [16], Evolution in the Philippine islands, without other predators, made the eagles the dominant hunter in the Philippine forests. [19] One male (age not specified) was found to weigh 4.04 kg (8.9 lb). [31], Life expectancy for a wild eagle is estimated to be from 30 to 60 years. [24] The Philippine eagle has a wingspan of 184 to 220 cm (6 ft 0 in to 7 ft 3 in) and a wing chord length of 57.4–61.4 cm (22.6–24.2 in). [3] Both sexes participate in the incubation, but the female does the majority of incubating during the day and all of it at night. The foundation has 36 eagles at its center, of which 19 were bred in captivity, including one born in 2015, the first for two years. [3] The tarsus of the Philippine eagle ties as the longest of any eagle from 12.2 to 14.5 cm (4.8 to 5.7 in) long, which is about the same length as that of the much smaller but relatively long-legged New Guinea eagle. The other is perch-hunting, which entails periodically gliding from one perch to another. [7] In 2015, about 600 were estimated to be left in the wild. While perch-hunting, they often work their way gradually down from the canopy on down the branches, and if not successful in finding prey in their initial foray, they fly or circle back up to the top of the trees to work them again.

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