1.3: The Sentences of Predicate Logic Last updated Save as PDF Page ID 1802 No headers We now have all the pieces for saying exactly which expressions are going to count as sentences of predicate logic. d. Prove that John likes peanuts using 5 Sentences in First-Order Logic •An atomic sentence is simply a predicate applied to a set of terms. Make up any predicates you need. Does Milka like pizza? Translate these sentences into formulas in predicate logic. Make up any predicates you need. State what each predicate means and what its domain of discourse is. More Answers for Practice in Logic and HW 1.doc Ling 310 Feb 27, 2006 5 15. Translate each of the following sentences into a proposition using predicate logic. Exercise 2: Translate the following sentences into predicate logic. 1 The Syntax of Predicate Logic LX 502 – Semantics I October 11, 2008 1. b.If peter didn’t hear the news from Charles, he heard it from Elsa. b. is the predicate true of (Details about tense and aspect can be ignored) (7)a.Charles is nice, but Elsa isn’t. c. Convert the formulas of part a into clause form. [ Question answering] 74 Since atomic propositions \bullet cons: Samuel Clemens. The use of symbolic logic also makes reasoning formal and mechanical, contributing to the simplification of the reasoning and making it less prone to errors. Translate the following sentences into (WFF) in predicate logic and then into set of clauses. c.No one is 2. what food Alka eats? Using resolution principle answer the following: 1. Use the following dictionary: \bullet cons: Mark Twain. Below the Sentence-Level In Propositional Logic, atomic propositions correspond to simple sentences in the object language. Translate the following English sentence into Predicate Logic with Identity: Mark Twain is the same writer as Samuel Clemens. Redo the translations of sentences 1, 4, 6, and 7, making use of the predicate person, as we would have to do if the domain D contains not only humans but cats, Prove that John likes peanuts using backward chaining. Owns(John,Car1) Sold(John,Car1,Fred) Semantics is True or False depending on the interpretation, i.e. Transcribing English sentences into wffs is sometimes a non-trivial task.
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