Public research institutions with rice-dedicated teams include IVIA, Central Institute of Freshwater Aquaculture (CIFA), and Institute for Food Research and Technology (IRTA) (Spain); National Agricultural Research Foundation (NAGREF) (Greece); The Council for Research and Experimentation in Agriculture - Rice Research Unit (CRA-RIS) and Ente Nazionale Risi (ENR) (Italy); EAN (Portugal); VNIIRISA (Russia); and Centre de coopération internationale en recherche agronomique pour le développement (CIRAD), L'Institut de reserche pour le développement (IRD), and Institut national de la recherche agronomique (INRA) (France). The remainder is in four other countries: France, Romania, Bulgaria, and Hungary. This will reduce the surplus of long-rice in the market, which faces stiff competition of extra EU-imports, and increase production of round rice, which is preferred by Spanish and Portuguese consumers and is increasingly demanded by the export market. Italy is the leading European producer with a total of 220,000 ha under rice. In application of the “Uruguay Round agreements,” the liberalization of rice markets in Europe came into effect in 2009. So is the case for other EU small rice-growing countries, Bulgaria, Romania, and Hungary. In 2015, long-grain rice accounted for 85 percent of rice grown in Louisiana. These have short cycles (100 to 120 days), very good cold tolerance at all stages, and good resistance to the main pests and diseases. Other EU Member States are Portugal’s main rice suppliers (mainly Spain Italy and France). provide only a complement. Two French research institutions (CIRAD and IRD) also have international research mandates and are members of the Global Rice Science Partnership (GRiSP). The two main rice-producing regions are Andalusia and Estremadura, where yields vary considerably from year to year because of the capricious water resources. Portugal’s rice production represents about 6 percent of total EU-27 rice production. In certain areas with high salinity risk, rice cultivation is the only way to keep sea salt water away from the land, by cultivating in rice flooded conditions. Through technical consultation and seminars, this network is making a strong contribution to the development of scientific and technical exchanges between its members, leading to collaboration in many areas: genetic resources, control of red rice, quality improvement, etc. Greek rice production area used to be very scattered but is now concentrated around Thessaloniki (25,000 ha). While traditionally Japonica varieties have obtained higher yields than indica, certain indica varieties, namely Puntal, reach very good output levels too. According to official data, rice consumption increased by 2% in 2010 and grew again marginally in 2011. As the European rice sector also needs to improve its economic competitivity vis-à-vis imported rice, the new varieties should also have an improved yield potential. There is evid ence of rice growing in Portugal in the thirteenth century and it was re-launched by the Portuguese navigators after the opening of the route to the Indies in … It is recommended to bring the water to a boil, cover, and cook on low heat for 15 to 20 minutes Source: MAGRAMA, Portugal’s National Statistics Institute and FAS estimates. Rice was introduced in Greece following Alexander the Great’s expedition to Asia, as far as the banks of the Indus, in about 320 B.C. Though neither a staple food nor a major crop in Europe, rice has an important sociocultural significance and ecological importance in several Mediterranean countries of Europe. Spain is a net exporter of rice. Learn the good & bad for 250,000+ products. Rice isn’t a terrible food, but it’s important to avoid questionable GMO rice rejected by China and contaminating U.S. crop fields.