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Although sometimes seen during the day, deer primarily browse before dawn and after dusk. |, Best Airgun Rifles for Hunting Urban Predators, How to Choose Between Night Vision Or Thermal Optics, Scientific facts about how deer see and hear. In the United States, the black-tailed or mule deer displaces the white-tailed deer west of the Rocky Mountains. Join other outdoor enthusiasts who already get great content delivered right to their inbox. Read on to learn about the whitetail deer. While captive deer are intelligent and affectionate, bucks may become aggressive and can cause serious injury. The white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) gets its name for the white fur on the underside of its tail, which it flashes when it senses a threat. However, the greatest threats come from habitat loss, overhunting, and motor vehicle collision. The white-tailed deer breeding season, called the rut, occurs in autumn in October or November. The whitetail deer can live up to 4.5 years in the wild and 14 years in captivity. They can eat mushrooms and poison ivy with no ill effects. How many whitetail deer facts do you have filed away in that hunter’s head of yours? Related: Hunting whitetail deer in the rain. Dr. Helmenstine holds a Ph.D. in biomedical sciences and is a science writer, educator, and consultant. Deer are ruminants, with a four-chambered stomach. During the rutting season, bucks will lose up to 25 percent of their body weight from the constant seeking and chasing of does. The biggest reason for this is simple: with the exception of Alaska, Hawaii, Utah, California, Nevada, and Arizona (the exception there being the Coues whitetail), whitetails exist in all the remaining states. Deer have adapted to a variety of habitats, including urban environments. In addition to sound and body language, deer communicate by marking their territory with urine and scents produced by glands found on their head and legs. They’re called whitetail (also white-tailed) because of the white underside of the deer's tail, which it displays and wags when it senses danger and to communicate with other deer. The white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus), also known as the whitetail, is a medium-sized deer native to both the Nearctic and Neotropical regions.. Males group with other males, but are solitary during mating season. The species includes several subspecies, such as the tiny Florida Key deer and the large northern white-tailed deer. A whitetail deer can jump up to nearly four feet high and 30 feet long. Large antlers result from three factors: nutritious food, increasing buck age and good genes. Related: Video: Can deer fight to the death? Females form family groups with a mother and her fawns. On average, a deer needs to eat about eight pounds of vegetation per 100 pounds of body weight, per day. The average tail length of a whitetail is about 10.5 inches. Eagles and crows may take fawns. In some places, it is legal to keep white-tailed deer as pets. Predators and the harsh elements of nature play a role in this. Females give birth to one to three spotted fawns in spring. But a deer has no upper teeth in the front of its mouth; the space is instead filled with a hard-surfaced pad of gristle. White-tailed deer, also known as “whitetail deer,” or “Virginia deer,” are an extremely common American mammal. A 150-pound deer needs to eat 12 pounds of food in a 24 hour period over most of the year. She has taught science courses at the high school, college, and graduate levels. A newborn fawn can stand in about 20 minutes, walk in one hour, run a bit in 24 hours and outrun a man in five days. Here are 15 interesting facts you might not know about whitetail deer. The white-tailed deer has a reddish-brown coat in the spring and summer and a gray-brown coat in autumn and winter. Antler size and branching is determined by age, nutrition, and genetics. The opposite of dogs, whitetail deer only wag their tails when they’re startled. Stay with us to know more facts about whitetail deer antlers. The species is easily recognized by the white underside of its tail. Young are weaned around 8 to 10 weeks of age. Did I mention that they also eat mighty good? Related: Scientific facts about how deer see and hear. The mother hides her fawns in vegetation, returning to nurse them four or five times a day. The shape, or configuration, of the antlers is strictly genetic. An adult whitetail deer reaches a size of 6 to 7 feet long. White-tailed deer range from the Yukon in Canada through the United States (except Hawaii and Alaska) and Central America south to Brazil and Bolivia. How much do you know about Odocoileus virginianus, the whitetail deer? The white-tailed deer is the most popular wild game animal in North America. Deer cause economic damage to farmers and pose a threat to motorists. Take a closer look at this unique species with these whitetail deer facts. On average, mature specimens range from 6 to 8 feet in length, with a shoulder height around 2 to 4 feet. White-tailed deer eat plants, including grasses, legumes, leaves, shoots, cacti, corn, fruit, and acorns. Adult buck antlers start to grow around the last of March or early April, and grow at the rate of about a quarter-inch per day. These 15 facts have been part of those findings. Interesting Facts. © 2020 Grand View Outdoors All Rights Reserved This signals predator detection and alerts other deer. They are hunted for game and sport and farmed for meat, pelts, and antlers. Being highly adaptive animals, they can be found in the rain forests of North America to Cold zones of South Canada. This weakens them going into winter, when they are very vulnerable to extreme cold and deep snow. Essential Facts. These frequently sighted animals have a number of sub-species throughout their range. Just like humans, an adult deer has 32 teeth. While white-tailed deer are primarily herbivores, they are also opportunistic predators that will take mice and birds. The IUCN classifies the conservation status of the white-tailed deer as "least concern." They’re called whitetail (also white-tailed) because of the white underside of the deer's tail, which it displays and wags when it senses danger and to communicate with other deer. Endangered Species Act. In many of them, populations are booming, hunting seasons are long, whitetail deer can be hunted with a variety of weapons and good hunting can be found on public land as well as private properties. Here's one: by day five of a deer’s life, they can already outrun man. They inhabit most of southern Canada and all of the mainland United States except portions of the west central states to the California coast. Read more of Bob Robb's "Top 10 Tuesday" posts here. Over most of the year, whitetails remain bedded for up to 70 percent of the day, usually feeding five times every 24 hours. Climate change has allowed the white-tailed deer to expand its presence in Canada in recent years. Here are 10 Fast Facts you may not know. Deer size depends on sex and habitat. Comments on this site are submitted by users and are not endorsed by nor do they reflect the views or opinions of COLE Publishing, Inc. Here are 10 Fast Facts you may not know.

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